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Private Pilot License ( PPL )

To obtain a Private Pilot License a minimum of 45 hours flying experience is required, of which at least 10 hours need be solo flying. All these hours will be flown under the direction of a qualified flying instructor and in accordance with the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) approved syllabus.

You’ll be flying in a Single Engine Aircraft ideal to learn basic skills which will serve you well whatever type of aircraft you fly in the future. Each lesson comprises of a pre-flight briefing with your instructor and are typically followed by up to an hour of flying, although flight times will vary and longer flights are introduced during the navigation training stage.


Commercial  Pilot License ( CPL )

Pilot Licence is the name given to the qualification of a pilot who holds a Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL), Multi Engine Piston Rating (MEP), Multi Engine Instrument Rating (ME IR) and passes in all 14 Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL) theoretical exams.

The ATPL would become un-frozen when the flight experience requirements are met. The experience would normally be achieved during employment as a first officer.

Our flagship course takes students with little or no previous flying experience to a ‘frozen ATPL’ in approximately 16 months, from where they are then eligible to work as a First Officer with an airline once specific aircraft type training has been completed.

ICAO Integrated ATPL Course

The integrated route involves a full-time course of study, generally lasting around 14-18 months. This takes a student from complete beginner to a position where they are ready to take up a role as a pilot ready to work for the airlines.

The ATPL ground exams – for many, the most demanding part of the training. You’ll need to pass 14 exams covering subjects such as navigation, flight planning and aviation law.

Instrument Rating – the most demanding of the flying skills, flying solely with reference to the aeroplane’s instruments.

Multi-engine rating – In the same way, you need different classes of license to operate cars, heavy trucks, and motorcycles, special ‘Type Ratings’ are required to operate different ‘types’ of aircraft – including multi-engine aircraft.

Night Qualification – your first additional qualification, allowing you to fly, as you would expect, at night.

With all of this successfully completed, you’ll have what is known as a Frozen ATPL. The ‘frozen’ part refers to the fact that you’ve passed the required theory part of the Airline Transport Pilots Licence; to ‘unfreeze’ it you’ll need to have a total of 1,500 hours flying time logged

Multi Engine Rating

The multi-engine rating program adds multi-engine privileges to your existing Private or Commercial Pilot License. If you wish to join an airline, the MER is an essential part of your training.


The Airline Transport pilot License requires theory and practical, the ground school is the theoretical aspect of the ATPL which every pilot is required to pass. At Mushna Aviation we give our cadets the option to study the duration of the ground school theory with us at our Training Academy taught by professionals in the aviation industry who can also guide you in your journey to becoming a pilot. Incase our cadets decide to pursue the full course of the ground school in one of our International ATOs , we provide the following:

Full time ATPL Theory and EASA ATPL Exams

Duration – 7 months

Full time EASA ATPL theory for ground school.

Instrument Rating

The instrument rating is issued so pilots can fly into weather which is below VFR [Visual Flight Rules]. This allows a pilot to fly through clouds or land in reduced visibility. This rating is absolutely essential for airlines and corporate operators to operate in almost all weather.


Applicant must have a Private Pilot License or higher

Applicant must have a valid Category 3 medical or higher

Flight Instructor Rating

The flight instructor rating course comprises of 30 hours of flight training, of which 25 hours will be dual instruction and 5 hours will be mutual flying with another student instructor or qualified FI to practice flight demonstrations. During the dual instruction, applicants will learn how to demonstrate all PPL exercises, evaluate a student’s performance and correct student errors.


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